Bipolar disorder is a mental health disorder characterized by extreme highs and lows in mood and energy. It typically begins in adolescence or early adulthood and continues throughout life. It is often not recognized as an illness and people who have it may suffer needlessly for years. Bipolar disorder can be extremely distressing and disruptive for those who have this disease, their spouses, family members, friends, and employers.
Although there is no known cure, bipolar disorder is treatable, and recovery is possible. Individuals with bipolar disorder can and do have successful relationships and meaningful jobs. The combination of medication, therapy, healthy lifestyle, and support helps the vast majority of people return to productive, fulfilling lives.
Although a specific genetic link to bipolar disorder has not been pin pointed, research shows that bipolar disorder tends to run in families. People may inherit a tendency to develop the illness, which can then be triggered by environmental factors such as distressing life events. Brain development, structure and chemicals called neurotransmitters, which act as messengers between nerve cells, are also thought bipolar and mental illness play a role in the development of bipolar disorder.
Bipolar disorder is often difficult to recognize and diagnose. It causes a person to have a high level of energy, bipolar and mental illness, unrealistically expansive thoughts or ideas, and impulsive or reckless behavior. These symptoms may feel good to a person, which may lead to denial that there is a problem. Another reason bipolar disorder is difficult to diagnose is that its symptoms may appear to bipolar and mental illness part of another illness or attributed to other problems such as substance abuse, poor school performance, or trouble in the workplace.
An episode of depression can come before or after a manic, hypomanic, or normal period of mood. If you or someone you know is in crisis, call TALKvisit your local emergency room or call Bipolar I Disorder is given when a person has at least one episode of mania. While a person with Bipolar I might only experience manic episodes, it often includes episodes of depression and hypomania. Hypomania includes the same symptoms of mania but can be shorter in duration bipolar and mental illness less severe.
They do not include symptoms of psychosis or bipolar and mental illness hospitalization. Bipolar II Disorder includes at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode. Individuals with bipolar II also tend to have longer periods of depression than people with bipolar I. Sometimes called cyclothymia, this disorder includes episodes of hypomania and depressive symptoms that occur on a fairly regular basis. Rapid cycling is a term used when an individual experiences four or more episodes of hypomania, mania, or depression within a month time period, bipolar and mental illness.
A mixed episode occurs when a person is experiencing symptoms of both depression and mania or hypomania at the same time. Individuals with bipolar disorders are at an increased risk for suicide, and this risk is thought to be especially high during mixed episodes. A combination of medication, therapy, lifestyle changes, and support from family, friends and peers help individuals with bipolar disorder to stabilize their mood and to live the lives they want.
Finding the treatment plan that works best for a person is critical for bipolar and mental illness. Common medications used in treating bipolar disorder are lithium, anticonvulsants, and mood stabilizers.
Other medications used include antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and beta-blockers. As with all medications, medications used to treat bipolar disorder can have mild to serious side effects so it is important to talk with your doctors about how you are feeling. Both group and individual therapy can be helpful in bipolar disorder.
Healthy lifestyles changes can be an important part of overall recovery. Some may use meditation, mind-body practices, and spirituality as resources as well. Learn more about living a healthy lifestyle. Support and self-help groups are invaluable resources for learning coping skills, feeling accepted, and avoiding social isolation.
In addition to in-person support groups and drop-in centers, there are many online communities where individuals can also find support. Additional support can be provided through employment, housing, and psychosocial rehabilitation programs. Learn more about recovery and support.
Friends and family can also join support groups to better understand how to offer encouragement and support their loved ones. Learn more about what you can do to support someone close to you. Read stories from people living with Bipolar Disorder on The Mighty. Get additional information about Bipolar Disorder at Psych Central. Ryan Licht Sang Bipolar Foundation www.
Juvenile Bipolar Research Foundation www. Twelve-month and lifetime prevalence and lifetime morbid risk of anxiety and mood disorders in the United States. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research, 21 3— The links on this page may contain document data that requires additional software to open: Understanding Trauma Back to School: Recognizing Depression Back to School: Recognizing Anxiety Back to School: Recognizing Psychosis Back to School: Diet and Nutrition Fitness 4Mind4Body: How can I get help paying for my prescriptions?
What do I need cymbalta for depression and fibromyalgia know about my insurance benefits? What can I do if my insurance company is refusing to approve? Symptoms of bipolar disorder fall into two categories: Mania The symptoms bipolar and mental illness mania, bipolar and mental illness, which can last up to three months if untreated include: Depression An episode of depression can come before or after a manic, hypomanic, or normal period of mood.
Excessive energy, activity, restlessness, racing thoughts and rapid talking also called "pressured speech". Being easily irritated or distracted. Decreased need for sleep—an individual may go days with little or no sleep without feeling tired.
This can lead to over ambitious work plans and the belief that nothing can stop him or her from accomplishing any task. Signs of psychosis learn more about psychosis here Persistent sad, bipolar and mental illness, anxious or empty mood.
Irritability or restlessness Difficulty concentrating, remembering or making decisions. Fatigue or loss of energy. Feeling guilty, hopeless or worthless. Thoughts of death or suicide, including suicide attempts.
What is the Difference Between Mania and Hypomania? Hypomania is when a person has: In summary, hypomania is a less severe and more brief form of mania.
What are the Treatments for Bipolar Disorders? Colon cancer and estrogen Our Mailing List. Adobe Reader is required bipolar and mental illness download PDF documents.
Signs of psychosis learn more about psychosis here. Persistent sad, anxious or empty mood.