Janssen has noted that in every decade since cancer and other terminal patients, a questionable cancer remedy has attracted a large following and become a national issue . It was Koch Antitoxins in the s, Hoxsey treatment in the s, Krebiozen in the s , laetrile in the s, and immuno-augmentative therapy in the s.
Many promoters combine methods to make themselves more marketable. The dangers of using questionable treatments include delay in getting appropriate treatment, cancer and other terminal patients, decreased quality of life, direct physical harm, interference with proven treatment, waste of valuable time, financial harm, and psychological damage . Quackwatch has heard from many people who have been defrauded of large sums of money pursuing nonexistent cancer "cures.
Americans who believe they have been victims of wire fraud should report what happened to the FBI. Cancer and other terminal patients of questionable methods typically claim that marketplace demand and testimonials from satisfied customers are proof that their remedies work. However, proponents almost never keep score or reveal what percentage of their cases end in failure, cancer and other terminal patients.
Cancer cures attributed to questionable methods usually fall into one or more of five categories:. Promoters of questionable methods often misrepresent their methods as "alternatives. Experimental alternatives are unproven but have a plausible rationale and are undergoing responsible investigation. Questionable "alternatives" are unproven and lack a scientifically plausible rationale. When referring to the latter, we use quotation marks because they are not true alternatives.
Some promoters of "alternative" methods are physicians or other highly educated scientists who have strayed from scientific thought. Misinformation about questionable cancer therapies is spread through books, articles, audiotapes, videotapes, talk shows, news reports, lectures, health expositions, "alternative" practitioners, information and referral services, and word of mouth, cancer and other terminal patients.
Promoters typically explain their approach in commonsense terms and appear to offer patients an active role in their care: Questionable therapies are portrayed as natural and nontoxic, while standard responsible therapies are portrayed as highly dangerous, cancer and other terminal patients. The figure below comes from a misleading comic book designed to undermine public trust in conventional methods.
During the past few years, the news media have publicized "alternative" methods in ways that are causing great public confusion. Most of these reports have contained no critical evaluation and have featured the views of proponents and their satisfied clients. Most of the its advisory panel members have been promoters of "alternative" therapies.
The OAM has funded several dozen studies related to "alternative" methods, including a few related to cancer treatment. However, it remains to be seen whether such research will yield bisexual and mental illness results.
Even if it does, the benefit is unlikely to outweigh the publicity bonanza given to questionable methods. Longer reports on many of the methods can be accessed by following the hyperlinks. He has published many papers stating that antineoplastons extracted from urine or synthesized in his laboratory have proven effective against cancer in laboratory experiments. He also claims to have helped many people with cancer get well.
InBurzynski got a tremendous boost when talk-show hostess Sally Jesse Raphael featured four "miracles," patients of Burzynski, who she said were cancer-free. The patients stated that Burzynski had cured them when conventional methods had failed. In"Inside Edition" reported that two of the four patients had died and a third was having a recurrence of her cancer.
The fourth patient had bladder cancer, which has a good prognosis. Ina federal grand jury indicted Burzynski for mail fraud and marketing an unapproved drug. The indictment charged that he had billed insurance companies using procedure codes for chemotherapy, even though his treatment was not chemotherapy, cancer and other terminal patients. He was tried in but not convicted.
Inthe Texas Attorney General secured a consent agreement stating that Burzynski: The Cancer Letter subsequently noted that although Burzynski cancer and other terminal patients set up many "clinical trials," they do not conform to usual standards . Accompanying directions have warned that bottles of CanCell should not be allowed to touch each other or be placed near any electrical appliance or outlet.
Inthe FDA reported that CanCell contained inositol, nitric acid, sodium sulfite, cancer and other terminal patients, potassium hydroxide, sulfuric acid, and catechol. Subsequently, its promoters claimed to be modifying the formulation to make it more effective .
Laboratory tests conducted between and by the NCI found no evidence that CanCell was effective against cancer. The FDA has obtained an injunction forbidding its distribution to patients. It was offered a clinic in the Dominican Republic that later was moved to Mexisco.
CSCT was claimed not to cure cancer but to "destroy active cancerous cells in a body and to do so without causing any damage to healthy cells. Coordinated action by agencies in the United States, Canada, and Mexico resulted in closure of the clinic in Similar treatment was offered at the Davidson Cancer Clinic in Mexico, whose proprietor was imprisoned for fraud. Her book Cure for All Cancerscontains case histories of her supposed cancer cures. However, judging from her descriptions a most did not have cancer, and b of those that did, most had received standard medical treatment or their tumors were in early stages.
InClark died of complications of multiple myeloma, a form of lymphoma in which plasma cells become overabundant in the bone marrow. Information posted by supporters suggests that life was shortened because she treated herself rather than seeking timely and appropriate medical care.
Many types of devices are used with unfounded claims that they are effective against cancer. These include devices that pass low-voltage electrical current through tumors or the body, "electroacupuncture" devices purported to measure the electrical resistance of "acupuncture points," electrical devices claimed to "charge" blood samples taken from patients and later reinjected, negative ion generators claimed to have an effect against tumors, radionics devices claimed to diagnose and cure cancer by analyzing and emitting radio waves at cancer and other terminal patients correct frequencies, cancer and other terminal patients, magnets claimed capable of curing cancers by "improving circulation" or by intracellular effects, and projectors of colored light claimed to exert healing effects .
Essiac is an herbal remedy that was prescribed and promoted for about 50 years by Rene M. Caisse, a Canadian nurse who died in Shortly before her death, she turned over the formula and manufacturing rights to the Resperin Corporation, a Canadian company that has provided it to patients under a special agreement with Canadian health officials. Several reports state that the formula contains burdock, Indian rhubarb, sorrel, and slippery elm, but there may be additional ingredients.
Several animal tests using samples of Essiac have shown no antitumor activity. Nor did a review of data on 86 patients performed by the Canadian federal health department during the early s .
Fresh cell therapy, also called live cell therapy or cellular therapy, involves injections of fresh embryonic animal cells taken from the organ or tissue that corresponds to the unhealthy organ or tissue in the patient. The American Cancer Society states that fresh cell therapy has no proven benefit and has caused serious side effects infections and immunologic reactions to the injected protein and death . Customs and Postal Services to block the importation of all "cell therapy" powders and extracts intended for injection.
Proponents of the Gerson diet claim that cancer can be cured only cancer and other terminal patients toxins are eliminated from the body. This method was developed by Max Gerson, a German-born breast tingeling and pain on clomid who emigrated to the United States in and practiced in New York City until his death in Gerson therapy is still actively promoted by his daughter, Charlotte Gerson, through lectures, talk show appearances, and publications of the Gerson Institute in Bonita, California.
Gerson protocols have included liver extract injections, ozone enemas, "live cell therapy," thyroid tablets, royal jelly capsules, linseed oil, castor oil enemas, clay packs, laetrile, and vaccines made from influenza virus and killed Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
Inthe NCI reviewed ten cases selected by Dr. Gerson and found his report unconvincing. That same year, a committee appointed by the New York County Medical Society reviewed records of 86 patients, examined ten patients, and found no evidence that the Gerson method had value in treating cancer.
An NCI analysis of Dr. Results of Fifty Cases concluded in that most of the cases failed to meet the criteria such as histologic verification of cancer for proper evaluation of a cancer case .
A recent review of the Gerson treatment rationale concluded: Between and at least 13 patients treated with Gerson therapy were admitted to San Diego area hospitals with Campylobacter fetus sepsis attributable to the liver injections . None of the patients was cancer-free, and one died of his malignancy within a week. Five were comatose due to low serum sodium levels, presumably as a result of the "no sodium" Gerson dietary regimen.
As a result, Gerson personnel modified their techniques for handling raw liver products and biologicals. However, the Gerson approach still has considerable potential for harm. Deaths also have been attributed to the coffee enemas administered at the Tijuana clinic. Charlotte Gerson claims that treatment at the clinic has produced high cure rates for many cancers. Inhowever, investigators learned that patients were not monitored after they left the facility .
Although clinic personnel later said they would follow their patients systematically, there is no published evidence that they have done so. Three naturpaths who visited the Gerson Clinic in were able to track 18 patients over a 5-year period or until death through annual letters or phone calls, cancer and other terminal patients.
At the 5-year mark, only one was still alive but not cancer-free ; the rest had succumbed to their cancer . The principal proponent of the Greek Cancer Cure was microbiologist Dr. Hariton-Tzannis Alivizatos, of Athens, Greece, who died in Cancer and other terminal patients claimed to have a blood test that could determine the type, location, cancer and other terminal patients, and severity of any cancer.
Knowledgeable observers believe that the principal ingredient of the so-called Greek Cancer Cure was niacin. The American Cancer Society and the NCI asked Alivizatos several times for detailed information on his methods, but he never replied . Naturopath Harry Hoxsey promoted an herbal treatment consisting of an externally used paste or powder and a tonic taken orally. The external preparations contained corrosive agents such as arsenic sulfide.
The internal medicine, said to be adjusted on a case-by-case basis, contained potassium iodide and such things as red clover, licorice, burdock root, Stillingia root, cancer and other terminal patients, Berberis root, pokeroot, cascara, prickly ash bark, cancer and other terminal patients, and buckthorn bark.
Hoxsey said that the formulas were developed in by his great grandfather and passed to him by his father while the latter was dying of cancer. Hoxsey himself contracted prostate cancer in and underwent surgery after treating himself unsuccessfully with his tonic.
Most drug interactions acetaminophen and asprin the herbs in the tonic have been tested for antitumor amoxil and aspirin in cancer, with negligible results for a few and no results for the cancer and other terminal patients. Some of these herbs, most notably pokeroot, have toxic side effects.
The NCI evaluated case reports submitted by Hoxsey and concluded that no assessment was possible because the records did not contain adequate information . Hoxsey died in Nelson died in January In the mids, hydrazine sulfate was proposed for treating the progressive weight loss and debilitation characteristic of advanced cancer. Based on animal data and preliminary human studies, it has also been claimed to cause tumor regression and subjective improvement in patients.
However, three recent trials sponsored by the National Cancer Institute demonstrated no benefit attributable to hydrazine sulfate .