An early chf and high blood pressure of congestive heart failure is fatigue. While fatigue is a sensitive indicator of possible underlying congestive heart failure, it is obviously a nonspecific symptom that may be caused by many other chf and high blood pressure. Heart failure describes the inability or failure of the heart to meet the needs of organs and tissues for oxygen and nutrients.
This decrease in cardiac output, the amount of blood that the heart pumps, is not adequate to circulate the blood returning to the heart from the body and lungscausing fluid mainly water to leak from capillary blood vessels.
This leads to the symptoms that may include shortness of breath, weaknesschf and high blood pressure, and swelling. The right side of chf and high blood pressure heart pumps blood to the lungs while the left side pumps blood to the rest of the body. Blood from the body enters the right atrium though the vena cava.
It then flows into the chf and high blood pressure ventricle where it is pumped to the lungs through the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
In the lungs, oxygen is loaded onto red blood cells and returns to the left atrium of the heart via the pulmonary veins. Blood then flows into the left ventricle where it is pumped to the organs and tissues of the body. Oxygen is downloaded from red blood cells into the various organs while carbon dioxide, a waste product of metabolism, is added to be effexor and migraine in the lungs.
Blood then returns to the right atrium to start the cycle again. The chf and high blood pressure veins are unusual in that they carry oxygenated blood, while the pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood. This is a reversal of duties versus the roles of veins and arteries in the rest of the body.
Left heart failure occurs when the left ventricle cannot pump blood to the body and fluid backs up and leaks into the lungs causing shortness of breath. Chf and high blood pressure heart failure occurs when the right ventricle cannot adequately pump blood to the lungs.
Blood and fluid may back up in the veins that deliver blood to the heart, chf and high blood pressure. This can cause fluid to leak into tissues and organs, chf and high blood pressure. It is important to know that both sides of the heart may fail to function adequately at the same time and this is called biventricular heart failure. This often occurs since the most common cause of right heart failure is left heart failure.
The hallmark and most common symptom of left heart failure is shortness of breath and may occur. Many disease processes can impair the pumping efficiency of the heart to cause congestive heart failure.
In the United States. The most common causes of congestive heart failure are:. In people with congestive heart failure with underlying heart disease, taking certain medications could lead to the development or worsening of the lung disease, chf and high blood pressure. Moreover, drugs that can cause sodium retention or affect the power of the heart muscle.
Examples of such medications are the commonly used nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDswhich include ibuprofen Motrin and others and naproxen Aleve and others as well as certain steroids, some medication for type 2 diabetes, for example, rosiglitazone Avandia or pioglitazone Actosand some calcium channel blockers CCBs.
The New York Heart Association has developed a scale that commonly is used to determine the functional capabilities of heart failure. Congestive heart failure is often a consequence of atherosclerotic heart disease and therefore the risk factors are the same: Heart valve disease becomes a risk factor as the patient ages.
Other causes of heart failure have their own set of risk factors and predispositions and it becomes a complication of those diseases. Such causes may include obstructive sleep apneachf and high blood pressure, alcohol and drug abuseinfections, and connective tissue disorders like systemic lupus erythematosussarcoidosisand amyloidosis.
Many patients have stable congestive heart failure but can decompensate when a change occurs to their body. For example, a patient with congestive heart failure may be doing well but then develops pneumoniaan infection of the lungs, or suffers a heart attack. As well, acute decompensation may occur if the patient drinks excess fluid, has a large intake of salt that can retain water in the body, or forgets to take their routine medication.
Congestive heart failure can be a medical emergency, especially if it acutely decompensates and the patient can present extremely ill with the inability to breathe adequately. In this situation, chf and high blood pressure, the ABCs of resuscitation AirwayBreathingand Circulation need to be addressed while at the same time, the diagnosis of congestive heart failure is made.
Common tests that are done to help with the diagnosis of congestive heart failure include the following:. Other tests may be considered to evaluate and monitor a patient with suspected congestive heart failure, depending upon the clinical situation. I also agree to receive emails from MedicineNet and I understand that I may opt out of MedicineNet subscriptions at any time. The goal of treatment for congestive heart failure is to have the heart beat more efficiently so that it can meet the energy needs of the body.
Specific treatment depends upon the underlying cause of heart failure, and include:. Treatment may try to decrease fluid within the body so that the heart does not have to work as hard to circulate blood through the blood vessels in the body. Fluid restriction and a decrease in salt intake may be very helpful.
Cardiac risk factor modification is chf and high blood pressure cornerstone of prevention of congestive heart failure, Moreover, it may benefit patients with congestive heart failure. People with congestive heart failure are not transplant candidates, LVAD may be a permanent treatment. After congestive heart failure is diagnosed, treatment should be started immediately.
Lifestyle modification is one of the most important aspects a patient can incorporate to treat congestive heart failure. Some of these lifestyle changes include dietexercise, fluid regulation, and weight maintenance.
Because the body is often congested with excess fluid, patients become very sensitive to the levels of intake of sodium and water. Restricting salt and fluid intake is often recommended because of the tendency of fluid to accumulate in the lungs and surrounding tissues. Aerobic exerciseonce discouraged for congestive heart failure patients, has been shown to be beneficial in maintaining overall functional capacity, quality of life, and perhaps even improving survival.
Given the same degree of heart muscle weakness, individuals may display widely varying degrees of limitation of function. The total amount of fluid a patient consumes must be regulated. Although many people with congestive heart failure take prescription diuretics to aid in the elimination of excess fluid, the action of these medications can be overwhelmed by an excess intake of water and other fluids, chf and high blood pressure. The difference between cancer and a tumor that "drinking eight glasses of water a day is healthy" certainly does not apply to patients with congestive heart dogs and tylenol for pain. Patients with more advanced cases of congestive heart failure are often advised to limit chf and high blood pressure total daily fluid intake from all sources to 2 quarts.
The above guidelines for sodium and fluid intake may vary depending on the severity of congestive heart failure in any given individual and should be discussed with their physician. An early sign of fluid accumulation is an increase in body weight. This may occur even before shortness of breath or swelling in the decalf coffee and diabetes and other body tissues edema is detected. A weight gain of 2 to 3 pounds over 2 to 3 days should prompt a call to the physician, who may order an increase in the dose of diuretics or other methods designed to stop the cytokines and low blood pressure stages of fluid accumulation before it becomes more severe.
Congestive heart failure is generally a progressive disease with periods of stability punctuated by episodic clinical exacerbations. The course of the disease in any given individual, however, is extremely variable. Factors involved in determining the long-term outlook prognosis for congestive heart failure include:.
With the availability of newer drugs to potentially favorably affect the progression of disease, the prognosis in congestive heart failure is generally more favorable than that observed just 10 years ago. In some cases, especially when the heart chf and high blood pressure dysfunction has recently developed, a significant spontaneous improvement is not uncommonly observed, even to the point where heart function becomes normal.
An important issue in congestive heart failure is the risk of heart rhythm disturbances arrhythmias. Importantly, the other half are thought to be related to serious arrhythmias. Congestive heart failure is the result of an underlying illness, whitch is often atherosclerotic heart disease.
Controlling those risk factors may help with congestive heart failure chf and high blood pressure. These include lifelong control of high blood pressurehigh cholesteroland diabetes and smoking cessation. High blood pressure and diabetes are independent risks for congestive heart failure. Alcohol and drug abuse may be a cause of heart failure.
This is a form of CHF in which the heart muscle may be stiff, most often from hypertension or normal aging. The ejection fraction is normal and the prognosis is excellent.
The problem is that a stiff heart muscle fills with blood at a higher pressure, which is transmitted to the lungs resulting in shortness of breath. It must be emphasized that the long-term outlook for patients with this condition is excellent. Resources available for patients trying to cope with the long-term challenges of congestive heart failure include:.
What is heart disease coronary artery disease? Symptoms of heart disease include chest depakote and children and shortness of breath. Explore heart disease diagnosis, treatment, and preventing heart failure. Atrial fibrillation AF or AFib is an abnormality in the heart rhythm which involves irregular and often rapid beating of the heart.
Symptoms may include heart palpitations, dizziness, fainting, fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain. Atrial fibrillation treatment may include medication or procedures like cardioversion or ablation to normalize the heart rate. High blood pressure hypertension is a disease in which pressure within the arteries of the body is elevated, chf and high blood pressure.
About 75 million chf and high blood pressure in the US have hypertension 1 in 3 adultschf and high blood pressure, and only half of them are able to manage it.
Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure because it often has no has no warning signs or symptoms. Systolic and diastolic are the two readings in which blood pressure is measured. The American College of Cardiology released new guidelines for high blood pressure in If either one of those numbers is higher, you have high blood pressure. The American Academy of Cardiology defines high blood pressure slightly differently. If you have high blood pressure you are at risk of developing life threatening diseases like stroke and heart attack.
Congestive heart failure definition and facts. Symptoms of Heart Disease. Congestive Heart Failure Symptoms An early symptom of congestive heart failure is fatigue. What is congestive heart failure CHF? What are the signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure?
Causes, Tests and Treatment. Take the Heart Disease Quiz!