When you have high cholesterol, the first thing to do is to change your diet and fitness: There are several different types of prescription drugs that lower LDL. Get to know what each of them does. These are usually the first type of drug that doctors prescribe to lower LDL. They also lower triglycerideswhich are another type of blood fat, and mildly raise your "good" HDL cholesterol.
Side effects can include intestinal problems, liver damage rareand muscle inflammation. Statins drugs may also interact with other medications you take. Your doctor should check on that first. Some people who take statins have reported memory loss cholesterol lowering drugs and liver damage confusion.
You should avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice when you take statins. Grapefruit makes it harder for your body to use these medicines. This B-vitamin, also known as nicotinic acidis found in food but is also available at high doses by prescription.
Research has not shown that adding niacin, when you already take a statin, further lowers your risk of heart disease. They attach to bile from the liver and prevent it from being absorbed back into your blood. A different type of drug, ezetimibe Zetiacholesterol lowering drugs and liver damage, lowers bad LDL cholesterol by blocking cholesterol absorption in your small intestine.
For bile acid drugs, the most common side effects are constipationcholesterol lowering drugs and liver damage, gasand upset stomach. For ezetimibe, the most common ones include muscle or back paindiarrheaand abdominal pain. You get them as a shot every 2 weeks. Because these drugs are newer, it will take more time to get to know their side effects. In clinical trials, the most common ones for alirocumab are itching, swelling, pain, or bruising where you get the shot, as well as colds and flu.
For evolucumab, they include colds, flu, back pain, and skin reactions where you get the shot. The Most Common Cholesterol Meds: Statins These are usually the first type of drug that doctors prescribe to lower LDL.
Niacin What it is: Niaspan Nicoar Research has not shown that adding niacin, when you already take a statin, further lowers your risk of heart disease. The main ones are flushing, itching, tingling, and headache. Drugs that Work in Your Intestine What they are: Alirocumab Praluent Evolocumab Repatha Side effects: