What Happens When a Diabetic Has Too Much Sugar?

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Diabetes and too much sugar

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Sugar is sweet, diabetes and too much sugar, but too much of it can sour your health. Whole foods like fruits, veggies, dairy, and grains have natural sugars. Your body digests those carbs slowly so your cells get a steady supply of energy. Added sugars, on the other hand, come in packaged foods and drinks. Your body does not need any added sugars. The American Heart Association recommends no more than 6 teaspoons 25 grams of added sugar a day for women and 9 teaspoons 36 grams for men.

But the average American gets way more: Just one ounce can of regular soda has 10 teaspoons of sugar -- and no nutritional benefit. Sugar-sweetened beverages are a big source of added sugars for Americans. Putting on too much weight can lead to problems like diabetes and some cancers.

It could be that the extra sugar raises your blood pressure or releases more fats into the bloodstream. Both can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other heart diseases.

Sugary drinks in particular can boost your odds for type 2 diabetes. That can happen diabetes and too much sugar when sugar stays in your blood, your body may react by making less of the hormone insulin, which converts the food you eat into energy. Usually, salt gets the blame for this condition, also called hypertension.

But some researchers say another white crystal -- sugar -- may be a more worrisome culprit. One way they believe sugar raises blood pressure is by making your insulin levels spike too high. That can make your blood vessels less flexible and cause your kidneys to hold onto water and sodium. Sugary diets are bad for your heart, regardless of how much you weigh, diabetes and too much sugar. Most packaged foods, diabetes and too much sugar, snacks, and drinks are sweetened with fructose, a simple sugar from fruits or veggies like corn.

Your liver turns it into fat. If you regularly pump fructose into your body, tiny drops of fat build up in your liver. This is called non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Early diet changes can reverse it. But over time, swelling and scarring can damage your liver. You know sugar rots your teeth. It feeds the bacteria in your mouth, which leave behind acid that wears away your tooth enamel. Sugary drinks, dried fruits, candy, and chocolate are common offenders.

Sour candies are among the worst. If you eat tart treats, rinse your mouth with water afterward or drink some milk to neutralize the acid. Too much sugar during the day can mess with your blood diabetes and too much sugar levels and cause energy spikes and crashes.

You may struggle to stay awake at work or doze off in class at school. In the evenings, a bowl of ice cream or cookies can pump you with sugar diabetes and too much sugar can wake you up at night. So you may not wake up feeling refreshed. But the link is unproven. More studies knock down the theory that sugar causes or worsens ADHD than support it. Your sweet tooth may be part of the problem. Several studies have linked sugar and mental health problems.

Too much sugar could fuel depression through swelling, or inflammation, in your brain, which is more common diabetes and too much sugar people with depression. You may know that you can get this painful arthritis from eating too much red meat, organ meats, and lobster. The same goes for fructose. When your body breaks it down, diabetes and too much sugar, it releases a chemical called purines.

That can make uric acid build up in your blood, which in turn forms hard crystals in your big toe, knees, and other joints. You get these when chemicals in your pee turn into solid crystals. Your body flushes out some kidney stones without much pain. Others can get stuck in your kidney or another part of your plumbing and block urine flow.

Too much fructose -- from table sugar, high-fructose corn syrup, or processed foods -- raises your chances for kidney stones.

Sugary drinks may add years to your biological age. DNA called telomeres cap the end of your chromosomes to protect them from damage. Shortened telomeres may go hand in hand with age-related diseases like diabetes. One study found that people who drink 20 ounces of soda a day have shorter telomeres. Harvard School of Public Health: National Health Services UK: How Sugar Impacts Your Sleep. Prospective findings from the Whitehall II study. American Journal of Public Health: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition: This tool does not provide medical advice.

It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.

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Diabetes and too much sugar